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Sunday, August 2, 2020 | History

4 edition of Transposable Elements and Evolution (Contemporary Issues in Genetics and Evolution) found in the catalog.

Transposable Elements and Evolution (Contemporary Issues in Genetics and Evolution)

J.F. McDonald

Transposable Elements and Evolution (Contemporary Issues in Genetics and Evolution)

by J.F. McDonald

  • 230 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published by Springer .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Cellular biology,
  • Genetics (non-medical),
  • Organic Evolution,
  • Science,
  • Science/Mathematics,
  • Transposons,
  • Life Sciences - Biochemistry,
  • Life Sciences - Evolution,
  • Science / Genetics,
  • Life Sciences - Genetics & Genomics,
  • Congresses,
  • Evolution (Biology),
  • Molecular Genetics

  • The Physical Object
    FormatHardcover
    Number of Pages350
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL7807233M
    ISBN 100792323386
    ISBN 109780792323389

    Once considered merely `selfish' or `parasitic' DNA, transposable elements are today recognized as being of major biological significance. Not only are these elements a major source of mutation, they have contributed both directly and indirectly to the evolution of genome structure and function. On October , , molecular biologists and evolutionists .   Evolution: Genetic Evidence - Ubiquitous Proteins Excerpt from The Cassiopeia Project; "Facts of Evolution". LINEs or Long Interspersed Transposable Elements. There are about , LINEs and.

      Here, Kimura’s fundamental concept of neutral mutation-random drift, which was published 50 years ago, is re-examined in light of its pervasive influence on comparative genomics and, more specifically, on the contribution of transposable elements to eukaryotic genome by:   Cells use a range of increasingly well understood epigenetic mechanisms to keep transposable elements under control. These silencing mechanisms have been co-opted during the course of evolution to Cited by:

      The analaysis of genomes and their changes in sequence or size over time involves various fields. There are various mechanisms that have contributed to genome evolution and these include gene and genome duplications, polyploidy, mutation rates, transposable elements, pseudogenes, exon shuffling and genomic reduction and gene loss. Transposable elements, which were once thought to be genetic oddities, are now believed to be a major factor in genome evolution, making up a substantial proportion of the DNA in most species. Transposable elements are segments of DNA with the ability to move from one place in the genome to by:


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Transposable Elements and Evolution (Contemporary Issues in Genetics and Evolution) by J.F. McDonald Download PDF EPUB FB2

Once considered merely `selfish' or Transposable Elements and Evolution book DNA, transposable elements are today recognized as being of major biological significance.

Not only are these elements a major source of mutation, they have contributed both directly and indirectly to the evolution of genome structure and cturer: Springer.

Once considered merely `selfish' or `parasitic' DNA, transposable elements are today recognized as being of major biological significance. Not only are these elements a major source of mutation, they have contributed both directly and indirectly to the evolution of genome structure and : $ Evolution and Impact of Transposable Elements (Contemporary Issues in Genetics and Evolution Book 6) - Kindle edition by Capy, Pierre.

Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Evolution and Impact of Transposable Elements (Contemporary Issues in Genetics and Evolution Book Manufacturer: Springer.

About this book In the summer of a distinguished group of molecular, population and evolutionary geneticists assembled on the campus of the University of Georgia in Athens, USA to discuss the relevance of their research to the role played by transposable elements (TEs) in evolution.

This is very good summary book not only for the molecular biologists who study molecular mechanisms of transposable elements and evolution biologists who is interested in the genomic impact of transposable elements affect, but also for those study genetic mutations caused by transposable elements and for those would like to use transposable elements 4/5(1).

In the summer of a distinguished group of molecular, population and evolutionary geneticists assembled on the campus of the University of Georgia in Athens, USA to discuss the relevance of their research to the role played by transposable elements (TEs) in evolution.

Fungal transposable elements and genome evolution. Evolution and Impact of Transposable Elements Editors. Pierre Capy; *immediately available upon purchase as print book shipments may be delayed due to the COVID crisis.

ebook access is temporary and does not include ownership of the ebook. Only valid for books with an ebook version. Introduction. Once considered merely `selfish' or `parasitic' DNA, transposable elements are today recognized as being of major biological significance.

Not only are these elements a major source of mutation, they have contributed both directly and indirectly to the evolution of genome structure and function.

During the last 50 years, the perception oftransposable elements (TEs) has changed considerably from selfish DNA to sequences that may contribute significantly to genome function and evolution.

The recent increased interest in TEs is based on the realization that they are a major genetic component (at least %) of all organisms and a major. Keywords: cancer, evolution, gene expression, transposable elements.

Introduction. Transposable elements (TEs) are DNA sequences that are capable of integrating into the genome at a new site within the cell of its origin. Sometimes, the change in their positions creates or reverses mutations, thereby altering the cell's genotype.

Cited by:   The unfavorable picture of transposable and transposed elements started to change in early s when some researchers noticed evolutionary value of these elements [14, 15].

With the wheel of fortune turning full circle and advances of genome sciences, TE research is again focused on the role of mobile elements played in the evolution of gene Author: Wojciech Makałowski, Valer Gotea, Amit Pande, Izabela Makałowska.

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle.

Transposable elements (TEs) need to be tightly regulated in genomes to prevent the detrimental consequences of transposition. In this Review, Deniz, Frost and Branco discuss how DNA methylation Cited by: Plant Transposons and Genome Dynamics in Evolution captures and distills the voluminous research literature on plant transposable elements and seeks to assemble the big picture of how transposons shape gene structure and regulation, as well as how they sculpt genomes in evolution.

Individual chapters provide concise overviews of the many flavors of plant transposons and of their roles in gene creation, gene regulation, development, genome evolution. Transposable elements are major forces in the evolution and rearrangement of genomes (Figure ).

Some transposition events inactivate genes, since the coding potential or expression of a gene is disrupted by insertion of the transposable element.

For evolutionists are now forced to say that transposable elements would have to have played a, err, key role in evolution itself. Evolution would have had to have constructed this highly specific, detailed, system including hundreds of proteins and genetic elements, with hundreds of specific interactions, providing no immediate benefit.

Transposable elements can affect gene structure and expression in several ways that suggest that they may have contributed to these evolutionary events. Previous article in issue Next article in Cited by: / M.G. Kidwell, M.B. Evgen'ev --Transposable elements and genome evolution: the case of Drosophila simulans / C.

Biémont [and others] --Horizontal transfer of non-LTR retrotransposons in vertebrates / D. Kordiš, F. Gubenšek --Sure facts, speculations, and open questions about the evolution of transposable element copy number / S.V.

Nuzhdin. Transposable elements can affect gene structure and expression in several ways that suggest that they may have contributed to these evolutionary events. Recommended articles Citing articles (0) 1 D.J. Finnegan, D.H. Fawcett Transposable Elements in Drosophila melanogasterCited by: Transposable genetic elements are even more prevalent in eukaryotic chromosomes than in bacterial chromosomes.

For instance, from 25 percent to 40 percent of mammalian chromosomes consist of transposable elements that have accumulated in the course of evolution. In addition, half of the spontaneous mutations seen in Drosophila are attributed to the movement and insertion of transposable : Anthony Jf Griffiths, Jeffrey H Miller, David T Suzuki, Richard C Lewontin, William M Gelbart.

Transposable elements (TEs) are powerful facilitators of genome evolution, and hence of phenotypic diversity as they can cause genetic changes of great magnitude and variety. TEs are ubiquitous and extremely ancient, and although harmful to some individuals, they can be very beneficial to by: Transposable elements occupy a large fraction of many eukaryotic genomes and their movement and accumulation represent a major force shaping the genes and genomes of almost all organisms.

This review focuses on DNA-mediated or class 2 transposons and emphasizes how this class of elements is distinguished from other types of mobile elements in Cited by: Transposable elements and genome evolution.

Transposable elements have a number of effects on evolution of the genome as a whole. The most significant of these is the ability of transposons to initiate recombination events that lead to genome by: 1.